Syria and back to the Arab domains.

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Syria and getting out of the traps of the Western siege
 
Afrasianet - Lawyer Muhammad Ahmad Al-Rousan* wrote that Syria’s return to the one and united Arab domain, with its exit from the traps of the Western and American economic siege, if not all of this, with political and economic motives, and reconstruction projects in it and in the region, and in the arenas of ruin, let it be under pressure Geopolitics, Syria in particular, needs a new Arab Marshall project, from which to its surroundings and neighbourhoods, since its fault is strategic, its geography is dictatorial, and it has a seismic rift.

The Syrian and the Ukrainian event that it produced is exacerbating - and Jordan, whether some people like it or not, is paving the way for the Arabs towards Damascus, its regime and its elected president, in cooperation and coordination with the actors inside and outside Syria, and the economy and economic relations based on its infrastructure, are the gateway to the crossing to Syria and from Syria to the Arab world and Europe... Accordingly:

In engineering the contexts of restoring the Syrian national state and the ruling Arab and national cartel, headed by the elected president, Dr. Bashar al-Assad, to the Arab domain as a supra-strategic and existential depth for Damascus and its incubator, a Jordanian approach towards Syria has been and is being proposed, which was engineered within the joints of the Jordanian state under the direct supervision of the King And we claim that the King, with his past and current regional and international clashes and dialogues, both declared and undeclared, and with the American Yankees and his arguments stemming from the reality of the situation and national and national interests, succeeded, to some extent, in creating cracks in the wall of the suffocating American siege on Syria through Caesar’s law, and obtained American exceptions From any penalties in the event of the necessary Jordanian and Arab economic openness to Syria, and for the purposes of reconstruction projects where the situation is bad, even tragic, as it is necessary to conduct economic contacts between Syria and the Arabs.

The main obstacle to the development of economic relations, when the comprehensive Arab economic openness is unified and unified on Syria and the Arab position is one, it is possible that it will not America is satisfied with that despite Caesar’s law, and we have seen how America itself violated Caesar’s law, when the Arab agreement was recently in the electrical connection to Lebanon, and gas was later extracted from Egypt for it (Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon), and this can be compared to the development of Arab-Syrian economic relations.

It is not difficult to say: that the king returned to Amman after his recent visit to Washington DC, and his first meeting with President Joseph Biden, he returned with an American green light, and no one was shown a red light in his face, to translate his Jordanian and Arab openness initiative to Syria, and we finally noted the agreement to supply Lebanon With electricity from Jordan for an additional two hours next spring through Syrian territory, and through the Syrian network itself, provided that a road map is drawn up to draw Egyptian gas through Jordan and Syria, through the Arab line extending from Egypt to Jordan to Syria and Lebanon. And in the King’s ability to read the confused American statements and their erased, even contradictory lines about the resumption of Jordanian Airlines flights to Damascus, for example, which ranged between immediate welcome, reservation and subjecting the issue to review and study later, all the actions of the Jordanian state, the government and the king - declared and undeclared, It comes under the following heading contexts:

Syria and the exit from the trap of the Western siege, Syria and the return to the Arab domains. In his quest and his struggle to seize the initiative in and around Syria, the king began to be reassured by the developments taking place in the regional and international environment around him, and about Syria and its president, the leader Dr. Bashar al-Assad. And to some extent, behind them Saudi Arabia.

We note: There are hollow attempts that failed before they began, and are suffering from a wandering without prospect, which Qatar and Turkey are now making to revive the so-called Syrian opposition, after Riyad Hijab’s meeting with the Turkish Foreign Minister, after years of stagnation, where this foreign Syrian opposition as well It is called, it is nothing but a female shedding in the fallopian tube.

This reddish female proposition suffers from congenital and congenital deformities. Most, if not all, Arab countries are open to the idea of Syria returning to the Arab League, including Saudi Arabia, the UAE, other Gulf and Maghreb countries, and Jordan to On the side of Egypt and Iraq, within the project of the new Levant, which needs Syria, in order to live and survive and emerge from the cocoon of media propaganda, and become a reality and a reality.

It is a good thing, but rather its return to its Arab domains of geography, demography, interests and relations, and perhaps everyone will respond in the near future, with the idea of Syria joining the heart of the Levant, to the new Levant project, if not for political and economic motives and reconstruction projects in the region.

Under geopolitical pressure, which places Syria at the heart of this project, regardless of the regime in it, and this would: Accelerate reconstruction projects in Syria, through 100% Arab funding - where the Arabs have plenty of money, along with friends and allies in the system's thread The international community, to rebuild what was destroyed by the global war in Syria, and where the reconstruction projects will be in partnership between the private and public sector in each country that wants to participate in the reconstruction of what was destroyed in Syria, through a global war that surpassed the first and second world wars in its means, repercussions and consequences, Syria needs a project New Arabic Marshall. Jordan and the Arabs have major interests in and with Syria, including but not limited to:raising the level and level of economic, commercial and tourism exchange with Syria and through and through its neighbourhood, the water file and the joint Yarmouk Basin, the file of the war on terrorism, and the war on drug trade, where the Americans and Israelis enter it across the border The northeastern, and across most of the southern Syrian geographical enclave, and they accuse - I mean the joints of the Washington Tel Aviv party inside the Jordanian state - that the Syrian Arab Army and the resistance factions are doing this, and that the Syrian Arab Army is relaxing on the security front, in order to inflict harm on its Jordanian brother, and does not perform its duty at all. .

Do they not know, who were displeased with the return of Jordanian-Syrian relations - and the degree of oppression, the king's approach, which was engineered and marketed to Washington, to the return of Syria to the Arab world, that there is a common need between Jordan and Syria, represented in fighting these networks that smuggle drugs and weapons, as there is Amman and Damascus have common needs, to keep terrorist groups and groups out of the products of the Zionist entity and the United States of America, and that drugs whose trade and smuggling operations are witnessing a remarkable increase on Jordan’s northern and northeastern borders, by the American and Israeli action, through terrorist groups, as well as the interests of the Egyptian energy and gas files and the electrical connection Which provides Jordan with an opportunity to market its surplus production to Lebanon and Syria now. I remind the joints of the Washington Tel Aviv party in Jordan, and the media media that supports it inside Jordan, that the occupation of minds is more dangerous than the occupation of the land, that there are great and deep relations between the US Pentagon and the Captagon, and it was recently revealed that the Pentagon's military intelligence is the largest hashish and drug smuggler in the world.

And for Captagon pills, and we saw their action with their terrorist ISIS tools in Iraq and Syria, and most of the squares and hot spots through some Arabs. The Captagon, my friends, is an effective weapon and has its effects and interactions in the hands of the American Pentagon, as it constitutes one of the forms of wars that are destructive to the human being and the targeted societies, especially the young generation. Over the course of the conspiracy and the war on and in Syria, and we note now that many smuggling operations of Captagon pills and others have been thwarted, from Syria to Jordan and other countries across the common border, where the American wants to tamper with our Jordanian society and with the Israeli through the Captagon weapon, and we have an Arab-Jordanian army on the border With Syria, and an effective anti-narcotics administration, to resist this regressive action by the Americans and the Israelis, because of our firm positions on the murderous American peace plan, or the so-called deal of the century, as it became a Jordanian-Palestinian phobia par excellence, which means writing off our state, our coordination, our Jordanian geography and demography, and the liquidation Our Palestinian people and their desired political system.

We tell the Washington Tel Aviv party in Jordan the following:

The erotic intercourse of the Pentagon and Captagon produced Daeshton, and over the course of the conspiracy against Syria through the blackened agendas of the CIA, which occupies Syria, gentlemen, are the Americans, the American military bases and smuggling networks, for drugs and weapons there.

In the occupied Syrian Al-Tanf and in the east of the occupied Euphrates River. Jordan is the state, institutions, government and the king, as it seeks to dismantle the contract of the American Caesar law, he did not lose sight of coordination with those who reside in the Kremlin this time, not the White House, so coordination is very deep with Moscow in this area, this system of Jordanian interests, cannot be achieved And watch over it, without close cooperation with Russia, and this is evidenced by the recent events in Daraa, and the return of the entire province to the authority of the Syrian state, and with the highest level Russian intervention since 2015, where the Russian Minister of Defense personally supervised the closure of the Daraa file in his time, as long as the The project of transferring Egyptian gas and importing Jordanian electricity will inevitably pass through this Syrian border province. In such a regional and international environment, diplomacy found itself able to play a leading and proactive role in the Syrian crisis, especially since Amman, unlike other Arab and regional capitals, did not break with Damascus, and preserved more than a hair of Muawiyah with it, even when it was a room The Mok operations were the least motivated and enthusiastic about the slogan of regime change, given that many opponents of President Bashar al-Assad are very bad and dangerous, and more dangerous, for the future of security and stability in Jordan and the region, and perhaps this explains the rapid Syrian response to the Jordanian approach, and the transformation of Jordan is a destination for high-ranking Syrian pilgrims, in the various military, intelligence, economic and political fields - publicly and privately.

The new, old Jordanian approach, which was engineered in the depths of the Jordanian state and under the king’s supervision towards Syria, will undoubtedly collide with a dense and balanced presence of regional players in Syria: Qatar, Saudi Arabia and Turkey alongside the British and the French, and on top of them all the Americans.

Iran will undoubtedly not obstruct the contents of the Jordanian initiative, Amman is betting on itself and on some of its Arab brothers, and on Moscow in containing any harmful and bad American intervention and its allies in the line of its relations with Damascus, and the latter - Syria, has a margin of maneuver between Moscow and the rest of the actors in Syria.

As for Turkey, its influence in Syria and the whole region is in Regression, and the ceiling of its bets and expectations is constantly declining, and with the existence of back channels of dialogue, albeit of a security nature, between Riyadh and Tehran, Ankara and Damascus, Ankara and Cairo and Riyadh, and with the Vienna nuclear path alive, Jordan is betting that the coming days, It may be loaded with good news, surrounding his old new approach, and maximizing its chances of success.

During the past months, the UAE hosted Syrian-Emirati talks on the most pressing economic and trade issues on the bilateral agenda. Recently, the Syrian-Emirati Businessmen Council was re-formed and activated, with the aim of encouraging trade exchange, investment and cooperation on the economic level between the two countries. Jordan in the scenes of this approach towards Syria, it is unlikely that fighting ISIS is the main reason behind the continued American presence in Syria, in the midst of the multiplicity of foreign interests in Syria and their service, the American military mission there has had wide repercussions, far beyond what is called the fight against ISIS. It is believed that the presence of US forces aims primarily to prevent the Syrian regime, backed by Russia, China and Iran, from accessing oil fields and agricultural resources in northeastern Syria.


It seems that there is another vital goal for Washington through its presence in Syria, which is to impede Iran's goal of establishing a geographical corridor linking Tehran, Lebanon and the Mediterranean Sea.

It is important for the American presence there, while emphasizing that Iran is benefiting from the continuing instability in Syria - this is what the Americans and Israelis are promoting, and this is not absolutely true: because Iran is interested in Syria's stability.

It is true that there is a fundamental difference between the Trump and Biden administrations in their view of the situation in Syria, as the first sought to replace Bashar al-Assad and then prevent his regime and Iran from seizing oil fields in the region, while Biden's team focuses more on stability and conflict management. Given the geopolitical dimension, the matter is becoming increasingly complex and complex in the eyes of the Biden administration, as experts believe that any change in the American military position in Iraq is likely to complicate the situation in Syria, especially since the main road for the United States to reach its forces in eastern Syria passes through Iraqi border.

The continuation of the US military presence in Syria is of great importance to Israel, which it sees as an enhancement of its security, especially since the failure of the scheme to bring down Damascus and tear Syria apart into mini-states poses a serious threat to it, especially since the return of stability to Syria will lead to moving the file of liberating the Golan Heights. of which Israel occupies two-thirds.

Deviations and strategic changes in the view of the Syrian regime, which were reflected in more than one international forum, the most recent of which was the Human Rights Council in Geneva, which was attended by the Syrian Deputy Foreign Minister, Dr. Bashar al-Jaafari, and specifically the Arab position.

Jordan also plays a mediating role in bringing the American-Russian views closer, and it has been relatively successful, and since King Abdullah II met with US President Joe Biden, the King was clear in the White House, in terms of conveying a message to the Americans, that it is time to change their policy on Damascus, and yield to the fait accompli, That Assad remains in power and was elected, and since that time Russian-American contacts have been in place regarding Syria, and the Russian-American rapprochement is seen by the Arab countries, especially Jordan, as a necessity for a settlement in Syria, especially since Joseph Biden, who aspires to get out of wars and make deals, no longer insists on the departure of President Assad.

And where Washington succumbed to the fait accompli. What happened and is happening and it must happen at this time is the normalization with the Syrian national state and the elected president, Dr. Bashar al-Assad, in all areas of economic relations and reconstruction, and the model of the Jordanian approach is present and strongly and must be built on, regardless of the type and horizon of the solution in Syria. Reducing the losses for Western countries and reducing the Middle Eastern burdens on the White House is sufficient to advance these Arabs, and it is in the interest of Syria and all Arabs.

And it is true that we see some Arab countries have already begun to get Syria out of its diplomatic isolation, to develop into the economic dimension and reconstruction, and that is during the change of the American approach to the situation, and the mechanics and effects of the Jordanian approach, after the Biden administration came to power in the White House.


In recent months, Gulf countries, especially the UAE, Bahrain and Saudi Arabia, have strengthened their engagement with the Syrian regime to varying degrees, and some Arab countries have lobbied at the highest levels in Washington in order to ease the sanctions imposed on Damascus, which has repercussions and interactions, a serious attempt to gain Influencing Syria, leading the reconstruction process and restoring relations, especially in its economic, investment and financial dimension.

The motives of each Arab country may differ in the initiatives it has taken towards Damascus, as it may be considered as prepositioning moves, before an imminent political settlement, and by looking at President Joe Biden’s policy towards Afghanistan, which is based on the slogan “Mission accomplished,” it is likely that the world is preparing An American exit from Syria would follow along the same lines, and it is hard to find anyone in the American administration who would openly argue that the United States of America today has a vital interest in Syria.

While the foggy situation prevails among the American options in Syria, attention is directed to Turkey, which has so far played the role of Washington’s policeman in Syria, Iraq, Libya, Lebanon and Afghanistan. , To change the form of alliances?

The journey of gradual return to normal relations between Jordan and Syria began with a great and clear focus on the economic files in the field of energy and water and the opening of crossings to facilitate benefiting from cross-border trade.

The focus on economic normalization is due to what was imposed by the Corona pandemic, which cast heavy shadows on the Jordanian economy, as the economy shrank The Jordanian economy increased by 1.6% during 2021, while the unemployment rate reached about 25% in the first quarter of the last year 2021, not to mention the huge influx of refugees over the past decade.

There is no doubt that Jordan today has economic, commercial and water interests with Syria, and it is concerned with the flow of goods through Syrian ports, as well as the return of the Syrian transport line through Jordan to the Arabian Gulf, as reopening the borders means revitalizing trade and providing an economic boost to the northern cities that have relied heavily On trade before the war on Syria. And that despite the long years of Syrian-Jordanian tension, what unites Syria and Jordan today is inescapable common interests, and Jordan and Syria can overcome political differences in favor of economic interests, as the Kingdom has an interest in economic openness to Syria, especially in the field of energy, that is, the delivery of energy To Lebanon via Syria, and there is also an interest in trade exchange, in strengthening the trade balance between the two countries after its decline due to the war and the pandemic together, and the opposite is also true, there are economic interests of Syria with Jordan, where Damascus wants to open up to a traditional ally of the West, to break free international sanctions Everyone from the Jordanian officials and the government, headed by the King, affirm that Jordan today is concerned with the return of transportation between Syria on the one hand, and the Gulf and Europe on the other, especially with the control of the northern border, and is also concerned with reaching Lebanon through Syria, where Jordan feels that It was greatly damaged by the closure of the borders with Syria due to the war, and that this matter must stop, as a Jordanian approach was engineered within the strategy of restoring confidence between the two regimes. Politically, Washington’s inability to resolve the Syrian conflict seems to motivate Jordan to communicate with the elected president, Dr. Bashar al-Assad, and based on the foregoing:

Jordan has a political interest in opening up to Damascus, as it is interested in playing a role with the Gulf states, Egypt and Algeria, in returning Syria to its The League of Arab States, and King Abdullah II spoke on this matter with American media during his recent visit to Washington, with the formation of a complete and deep conviction in the Jordanian official regime, that the presence of the Assad regime in the regions of Syria is a Jordanian security interest, as Amman prefers the presence of Borderly stable areas, even if they are under the control of the regime, with the presence of areas controlled by opposition or non-opposition armed groups.


King Abdullah II said it frankly: Assad is here to stay, and the status quo that kept Damascus shunned by the international community is untenable. With these words, the King announced: He would not hesitate to engage in dialogue with Damascus during his last visit to Washington last July 2021 AD, One of the priorities of his visit was to press for exemptions from the Syrian sanctions, and many considerations can be read behind the Jordanian king’s tendency to pressure Washington in this regard, such as the UAE and Saudi Arabia moving towards more public relations with Damascus, while the UAE reopened Its embassy in Syria, Saudi Arabia sent a high-level delegation headed by the head of the intelligence service to meet with Assad.

It can be said that Jordan achieved part of what it wanted when it was granted an undeclared exemption from the sanctions imposed on Syria, in order to protect his country’s economy. At the end of last September 2021 AD, the Jordanian authorities opened the Jaber-Nassib border crossing to civilians and trade movement after a years-long closure.

Washington's pragmatism appeared in sensing Jordan's need to open up to Syria, while the US ambassador in Beirut hinted that Washington would provide exemptions from Caesar's Law to Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon and Syria, to allow the revival of the Arab gas pipeline, so that Lebanon's energy needs could be met. Jordan may have received promises from Russia to obtain larger financial flows with the start of reconstruction projects, in addition to the returns that it will obtain as a result of reforming the Arab gas pipeline that crosses its territory towards Syria, and it was clear that Moscow led negotiations with the countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Gas Forum to convince them The feasibility of playing a more active role in putting pressure on the United States to obtain an exemption for the Arab Gas Pipeline from economic sanctions.

Jordan is currently playing a leading role in restoring Syria to the Arab countries, and marketing it for the necessity of comprehensive Arab economic openness to Syria, where reconstruction workshops require all of this, and this is a door to Syria’s return to its Arab domain and the development of economic relations with Damascus.

Regarding the Syrian issue, this comes against the background of the United States distancing itself from the affairs of the Middle East, and it seems that it reflects a growing conviction among some Arab countries that dialogue with the Assad regime is better for safeguarding their interests, than applying political pressure on it or waiting indefinitely, in the hope that an A change in Syrian behavior.

When Syria began to face a deep economic crisis due to the economic collapse in Lebanon, which was its economic lung, and the imposition of sanctions on it under the Caesar Act, and the legislation approved by the United States to punish the Assad regime, but the regime in Damascus was not shaken, Jordan opened up to Syria as well as some Arabs As a result of a Jordanian approach engineered by the king himself, and as we explained earlier, with the change in US policy in the Middle East, it was the most important reason behind this shift, as the Biden administration moved away from the region, and included other regions at the top of its priorities, and its relative leniency towards Syria, together provided a favorable context Jordan has taken a different path, and President Biden has also shown greater leniency toward Jordanian priorities.

In this regard, King Abdullah, as we mentioned above, after a meeting he had with the US President in Washington last July 2021 AD, spoke about a fundamental shift in dealing with the Syrian file, and said In an interview with CNN: The Syrian regime will remain, and pushing for dialogue in a coordinated manner is better than leaving things as they are.

As a result: it turned out that waiting for a radical change in Damascus was futile and a fantasy. Rather, it also seemed that: it is not possible to continue with approaches that have proven ineffective.

It is Jordan and Jordan alone who pay the price for the continuation of the Syrian crisis in the region - of course next to the Syrian people and their state in a way Main.

The Jordanian engagement in the previous approaches did not provide solutions to Jordan’s main priorities regarding the Syrian file, which are achieving security and economic stability in southern Syria, reviving economic relations, combating drug and arms smuggling, and addressing the issue of terrorist groups produced by America and Israel in the Jordanian-Syrian border area.

And it is true that the normalization of relations between Jordan and the Assad regime will not provide a magical solution to all these thorny issues, but it remains a better option for Jordanians for at least one reason, and this reason is that the importance of Jordan’s engagement with Syria could form a path with Damascus, to push it to Taking into account some of the main Jordanian interests and fears, especially since President al-Assad is keen to return to the confines of the Arab countries, to restore his Arab domain, and to pave the way for the normalization of his relations with other countries in the region, which in turn may open the way for the lifting of Western sanctions on Syria, and obtaining Arab funding to restore reconstruction of the country.

The Jordanian state's approach to Syria, along with the steps it is now taking, reflects a broader Arab decision to re-engage with the Syrian state and government, and a growing conviction that this could bring tangible benefits, and that Arab states must reach a unified position on this issue.


Undoubtedly and realistically: The deep Syrian-Jordanian rapprochement will set a precedent for other Arab countries to follow - a living, effective and interactive model, not to mention countries from outside the region, and President al-Assad will be willing and able to advance the conflicting interests along the lines of Arab-Syrian relations in general and Jordanian relations.

The Syrian regime in particular, not concessions, as the opponents like to call them, in exchange for the reintegration of Syria into the orbit of the Arab countries, with the emphasis: that the Syrian regime was able to open a hole in the wall of its political isolation, when it proceeded to revive and deepen its relations with Jordan, the Emirates, Saudi Arabia and Lebanon with Muscat , Kuwait, Iraq and Egypt, in conjunction with the decision of the United States to take its eyes off the Middle East. Based on its strategic location, Jordan is determined to play an important role in the reconstruction efforts in Syria, and has attracted international investments to ensure its ability to play this role. China, which has invested more than two billion dollars since 2015, has expressed Energy in Jordan expressed its desire to invest in Jordan as a center for reconstruction efforts in Syria and Iraq, and recently, China has already matched the saying by announcing an ambitious development plan for the Middle East, which includes loans worth 20 billion dollars earmarked for the development of the region, and about 100 million dollars to help Jordan In addition, the Kingdom receives some financial aid and investments from the United States and the European Union, which are active in work inside Jordan in preparation for the reconstruction phase in Syria and Iraq.

The Joseph Biden administration will not oppose the restoration of Arab relations with Syria, despite its public objection to the matter, and the reality of the American position on communicating with Syria, we find in the statements of US President Joe Biden, during the visit of Jordanian King Abdullah II to America last year 2021 AD, in which he focused Biden stressed the need to change the policy toward Syria, and we explained this in the body of this analysis, and the advisors of the American president stressed that the United States should stop opposing the efforts of its Arab partners to normalize relations with Assad. There is great Arab openness and a supportive Russian role, and I think that the most prominent indicators of the new American policy towards Syria were manifested in Washington’s disregard for the meetings of the Syrian Foreign Minister, Faisal Miqdad, with his Arab counterparts, during the work of the last session of the 76th session of the United Nations General Assembly in New York last year.

The statements and stances that followed these meetings in support of normalizing relations with Damascus. The Egyptian Foreign Minister, Sameh Shoukry, pledged to help restore Syria’s position in the Arab world, in addition to the return of Syrian-Jordanian relations in various forms such as security coordination and economic openness, not to mention statements and positions, and even Communication, which is taking place recently between Syria and other countries, led by Iraq, Algeria and the Sultanate of Oman.. Relations with them are deepening. It is not possible to neglect here the Russian role in the return of Syrian-Emirati relations, or even Jordan before it, and in coordination with the approach engineered by Jordan under the supervision of the King himself.

The American Caesar complicates the return of Syria to its Arab surroundings. Just as the Russian role was evident in seeking the reconciliation that took place in southern Syria (Daraa and its countryside), which cooled the atmosphere and paved the way for opening the borders with Jordan and the return of economic communication, with investment opportunities in Syria that push the normalization of relations with it, and through investment and reconstruction packages, The gateway to Arab openness to Syria is inaugurated.

Damascus is showing optimism about the Arab movement towards it, as it seeks diplomatically to restore its role as a regional player, and hopes through its foreign minister, Faisal Miqdad, and his deputy, Dr. Bashar al-Jaafari, that the Arab countries will open up to each other, not only to Syria, because this economic role and investment opportunities abound. With Syria in the reconstruction phase, it must be among the other baskets of reasons, one of the great motives of the Arabs for their steps to restore relations with Syria.
Member of the Political Bureau of the Jordanian Popular Movement*

 

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