Libya : intertwined interests and power struggles!

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Afrasianet - Zakaria Shahin - It seems that it is too early to talk about Libya's exit from the tunnel of loss, despite the changes that are taking place now, which have produced new Libyan forces talking about comprehensive solutions that will bring Libya out of its crisis and save it from fragmentation, division and scattering of resources, not to mention the systematic plunder of the Libyan people's capabilities and wealth.

The aggravation of the situation in Libya due to the multi-orientated conflicts, ideology, whether it is local or local, in favor of warlords, or global, in favor of those aspiring to dominate this country, and put Libya in the circle of global attention, even if it is interest that stems from interests, which prompted them to search for solutions to get out of that crisis in one way or another.

Libya is a country whose geography forms a long coast approaching two million km, with an area equivalent to the size of France, Germany, Italy and Spain (1,760,100 km2), which formed a link between the Mashreq and the Maghreb and between Europe and Africa.

We can easily understand the importance of the Mediterranean by knowing that:

• 30% of energy trade passes through the Mediterranean.

• This region constitutes a third of the tourism sector in the world.

• 500 million consumers. 44% of GDP growth in the last twenty years. 450 ports and terminals.

Hence, the search has always been for a solution that has not yet materialized.

This research, which sometimes coincided and turned away at other times, through numerous meetings that spanned from Paris to Switzerland through Palermo, Berlin, Cairo and Morocco, without stating that the Middle East and North Africa contained all the problems of the twenty-first century in an embryonic way that expresses the larger world.

It has enormous demographic changes, and it has young societies that may struggle with the aging tsunami that threatens Europe, as well as energy changes towards gas and uranium, and there are conflicts that represent the world's challenges in the level of thought between the state and society, the individual and society, religion and politics, terrorism and autocracy, aspirations and hopes The possible and imperial thought that seeks control and the possibility of expectation, in this smaller world there are conflicts of greater interests, some of which carry with them old visions from the remnants of the Cold War, while others seek to find new equations on the ground that can lay the foundations for a more stable Mediterranean.

Each of the aspiring actors in the Libyan crisis has its own interests, tools and orientations. The West is known for its hegemonic policy, and Turkey is trying to revive the Ottoman legacy and also dominate the Mediterranean and the countries surrounding this country, whether they are Western or Arab. All of these enter the arena of conflict.

Only Russia, in dealing with the Libyan issue, was adopting a realistic policy, as it realizes that Libya is a divided country, and that internal strife has not subsided, albeit at levels that take a zigzag, from high and low, and that the absence of central authority and state institutions is a real problem in Libya.

Therefore, Russia tried to deal with all parties in Libya, considering that foreign interference will not find solutions, while the Libyan situation will not emerge from its crisis except through political solutions, as it believes that there is no possibility for a settlement by one of the conflicting parties in the Libyan crisis, so it did not come from it.

Any objection to the Security Council resolutions regarding the political settlement, and it did not object to the continued ban on the import of weapons for the Libyan parties. In addition, Russia and Russian officials have been reiterating their support for the political solution and the path that Ghassan Salame presented to the Security Council in more than one session, and Russia received delegations from Misrata and the Presidency Council, and it is sufficient that it did not use its veto to overturn the consensus of the international community on a political solution in Libya.

Now - there is a new party in the equation, which is the Libyan people who are pressing strongly through periodic protests against corruption and the deterioration of living standards, which puts great pressure on the parties to the conflict, and pushes them not to escalate, and to continue efforts for a political solution.

The negotiation track and its new results are exposed to structural problems related to Turkish influence in the country. Ankara has a clear interest in supporting one party over another in Libya, after it extracted an illegal agreement to demarcate the maritime borders between the two countries from Fayez al-Sarraj, the former prime minister in Tripoli.

Turkey wants the status quo to continue and to impose the maritime agreement on the Libyans to exploit the huge gas reserves in the Mediterranean, despite European and global rejection of this agreement, which violates the rights of Greece and other Mediterranean countries.

In addition, the fragility of the security situation in Libya represents another obstacle to the continuation of the current course of negotiations and the steadfastness of the ceasefire, as "the security situation is still very sensitive, and no one expects a real commitment to the cease-fire except through strong international control." That the European Union play a role in it, in addition to Russia, which is acceptable to the parties to the crisis, in addition to having a vision of a solution.

"In any case, there is a group on both sides that wants to torpedo the political process, and Turkey's will to achieve sustainable political stability without fully controlling the country is doubtful, as Ankara provided great support to the Government of National Accord in Tripoli with equipment and mercenaries to confront the Libyan National Army. Economic that allowed her to control the economies of the country.

Turkey has transferred more than 20 thousand Syrian mercenaries to Libya, in addition to about 10 thousand extremists of other nationalities, according to the data of the Syrian Observatory for Human Rights.

The American stand remains wobbly. Washington does not support the position of any of its allies directly interfering in the Libyan affairs. Washington combines strong relations with the regional parties involved in the Libyan conflict. On the one hand,

Turkey is one of the most important members of NATO and serves Washington’s strategic interests, especially with regard to confronting what it claims to be Russian influence in the countries of southern Europe and the Middle East. Egypt and the UAE also have strong interests in Washington. Because of their role in Middle East peace, Gulf security, and besieging Iranian influence in the region. " In conclusion, Libya needs a vision that is in line with the interests and aspirations of the Libyan people and ensuring their future so that they have control over their wealth and orientations away from the hands of the greedy.


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