Afrasianet - Home
Tuesday, 21 August 2018 21:54

FacebookTwitterRSS Feed



Afrasianet - by  Mohammed Ebraheem - Cairo ( – A number of Syrian armed opposition factions from the northern and eastern regions of Syria signed on Monday a ceasefire agreement in Cairo under the sponsorship of Egypt.

The deal, guaranteed by Russia and through the mediation of Head of the Syrian Tayyar Al-Al-Ghad current Ahmed Al-Jarba, calls for unifying efforts to combat terrorism and work on reaching a political settlement of the Syrian crisis, according to Egypt’s state-run Middle East News Agency (MENA).

The agreement also calls for the return of refugees and displaced to their home regions, in addition to releasing detainees.

The Egyptian leadership has always expressed support for a political settlement for the Syrian crisis in a way that ends bloodshed in Syria and maintains the unity of its territories.

Since its eruption in March 2011, the Syrian crisis has claimed the lives of about half a million people and displaced and wounded over 14 million others.

Russian troops in Syria have been launching bombing campaigns in support of the government forces, while a U.S.-led international anti-terror coalition has been launching airstrikes against Islamic State (IS) targets in the conflict-stricken country.

The United Nations has verified that more than 7,000 children have lost their lives or been injured in the Syrian conflict since 2013 — and cites unverified reports putting the number “way beyond 20,000,” a U.N. envoy said Friday.

Virginia Gamba, the special representative for children in conflict, told the Security Council that since the beginning of 2018, the U.N. has verified over 1,200 violations against children. These include more than 600 children killed or maimed and over 180 recruited or used by government forces or armed groups, she said.









Maat demands that the international and regional mechanisms should be developed to reduce the phenomenon

Afrasianet - On World Day against Trafficking in Persons, July 30 from each year, Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights calls for concerted international efforts to combat the phenomenon of trafficking in persons, deter traffickers and eliminate the root causes of this phenomenon, which has become the most important challenge to the human rights in the world.

The United Nations defines trafficking in persons as a "crime of exploitation of women, children and men for a variety of purposes, including forced labor and prostitution". The Protocol supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime also defined "trafficking in persons means the recruitment, transfer, harboring or receiving of persons through the use or threat of use of force for the purpose of exploitation".

Maat noted that the Arab region, in particular the areas of armed conflict in Syria, Libya and Yemen, is spreading trafficking in women and children by armed groups, with many reports indicating that many cases have been documented for crimes related to the involvement of children and women in conflict, use them in illegal acts and force them into inhumane practices.

In 2010, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Global Plan of Action to combat trafficking in persons and urged governments throughout the world to take coordinated and concerted action to defeat this phenomenon. The plan urged that the fight against human trafficking be included in United Nations programmes to promote human development and support security around the world. One of the issues raised in the United Nations plan was the establishment of the United Nations Voluntary Trust Fund for Victims of trafficking in human beings, especially women and children.

Maat considers that the phenomenon of trafficking in persons is a form of international organized crime and represents slavery in the modern age. Victims of trafficking in persons are lured by deception or coercion and trafficked between countries and regions, and persons are deprived of their independence, freedom of movement and choice and are exposed to various forms of physical and psychological abuse. Maat therefore calls for the development of international mechanisms to reduce the phenomenon of trafficking in persons and for strengthening national and regional capacities in this direction.









Afrasianet - On the sidelines of its  participation in the 38th session of the Human Rights Council in Geneva, Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights in cooperation with the International Alliance for Peace and Development organized a seminar entitled "Human Rights Violations in the Occupied Palestinian Arab Territories", on Monday 2 July 2018 at the European headquarters of the United Nations, in the presence of representatives of a large number of Arab and European rights organizations, representatives of official missions and officials of the Office of the High Commissioner. 

The meeting was moderated by Ayman Okeil, President of Maat for Peace, Development and Human Rights, and was addressed by Fahd Mohammed Hussain, an expert on the Palestinian issue and general coordinator of An international campaign for solidarity with Palestinian captives in Israeli prisons " Tadamon", Ms. Kitty Panourgia, member of the International Alliance for Peace and Development and European ambassador for Women's entrepreneurship.

In his speech, Okeil stressed that the Palestinian issue is a central issue and one of the issues that reflects the absence of justice, undermining the foundations of peace and continued violation for human rights, noting that in May 70 years had passed since the tragedy of the armless Palestinian people, many millions of whose sons had been displaced .Okeil added that the repressive practices of the Israeli occupation forces against the Palestinian people, are blatantly contrary to international conventions and laws. Expresses Israel's indifference to its status as the occupying Power and has obligations to provide all the needs of the protected population in accordance with the Geneva Conventions, in particular the Fourth Convention on the Protection of the rights of civilians, Okeil asked whether international humanitarian law conventions and instruments and International Bill of human rights instruments were still applicable. And able to defend itself against those who ignore it?

Mr. Fahd Mohammed Hussain presented shocking statistics about Palestinian captives in occupation prisons, And the heinous violations committed by the occupying Power against all categories of the Palestinian people, including children, He said that The violations suffered by Palestinian children captives in Israeli occupation prisons were crimes of a multifaceted and colorful kind were shameful violations.

The Palestinian expert said more than 8,500 children were been arrested in the past years, including more than 700 were tried before military courts in violation of the rights of the Child. As well as dozens of children who are under administrative detention, Fahd Hussain revealed that in recent months there had been an increase in the number of crimes of occupation against Palestinian children, He called on the international community and the Human Rights Council to act immediately to rescue the Palestinian families and children from the teeth of the brutal occupation.

In her speech, Ms. Kitty Panourgia expressed the view of the International Alliance for Peace and Development, Which calls on the party, civil, media and popular organizations in all countries of the world to mobilize their efforts and mobilize their means of communication with policy makers and decision-making circles in their countries to move them towards action that would stop Israeli crimes against the Palestinian people, revealing the unethical justifications that make some governments take diplomatic and political positions in favor of a state that violates human rights every day, refuses to comply with Security Council resolutions and humiliated by international law.

The speakers also stressed the need for an international investigation and the establishment of an international commission on the massacres and war crimes committed by the occupying Power in the Gaza Strip since the start of the major return marches in March 2018, and take international action against the US decision to relocate the US embassy to Jerusalem, which is contrary to all international covenants and conventions. They also called for the halting of settlement construction, settlement expansion and construction activities of the separation wall, the cessation of forced evictions of Palestinian residents and the demolition of their homes.










Afrasianet - Israeli forces shot and killed two Palestinians, one of them a 14-year-old boy, and wounded 415 others with live fire and tear gas during protests along the Gaza border on Friday, Gaza health officials said.

Gaza medical officials said the boy, Yasser Abu Al-Naja and Mohammad Al-Hamayda, 24, were hit by live bullets. They added that four other men wounded by live fire were in critical condition.

The Israeli military said in a statement that troops had used “large amounts of riot dispersal means”. In some cases, when the non-lethal means proved ineffective, live fire was used “in accordance with the standard operating procedures”.

It said thousands of Palestinians had “participated in extremely violent riots”, hurling a grenade and rocks at troops and the border fence and burning tyres.

It said the reported death of the boy would be investigated and that legal action could be taken, if appropriate.

Gaza officials say Israeli troops have killed at least 135 people since the weekly protests began on March 30.

Palestinians say the protests are a popular outpouring of rage against Israel by refugees demanding the right to return to homes their families fled or were driven from on Israel’s founding 70 years ago.

Israel says the demonstrations are organized by Hamas that controls the Gaza Strip and denies Israel’s right to exist. Israel says Hamas has intentionally provoked the violence, a charge Hamas denies.

Tens of thousands took part when the protests were launched at several locations along the Gaza border but the number has dropped significantly in the past few weeks and only a few thousand have participated more recently.

International condemnation

Israel’s deadly tactics have drawn international condemnation. But support has come from its main ally, the United States, which like Israel, has cast blame on Hamas.

Israel has accused Hamas of stoking the violence in an attempt to deflect domestic opinion from Gaza’s energy shortages and faltering economy.

Israel maintains a naval blockade of Gaza and tight restrictions on the movement of people and goods at its land borders. Egypt has also kept its own Gaza frontier largely closed. Both countries cite security concerns for the measures, which have deepened economic hardship.









Afrasianet - Iranian President Hassan Rouhani and Jordan’s King Abdullah II met in Istanbul, Turkey a first between the heads of the two countries in last 15 years, Tasnim news agency reported May 19.

The two leaders held a short meeting May 18 on the sidelines of an emergency session of Organization of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) in Istanbul about the recent developments in the Gaza Strip.‎

The last similar meeting occurred in 2003, during the King Abdullah’s visit to Tehran, the first visit by a Jordanian monarch to Iran since the 1979 Islamic Revolution, where he held meetings with Iranian officials, including Supreme Leader Ayatollah Ali Khamenei and President Mohammad Khatami.

Relations between Amman and Tehran have been tepid for decades, reaching their lowest level during the Iraq-Iran War in the 1980s, although some experts believe that there was a willingness by Jordan to improve ties after the election of Rouhani as Iran’s president in 2013.

When Iranian protesters attacked the Saudi Embassy in Tehran in January 2016, Jordan did not sever ties with Iran but recalled its ambassador instead.

Earlier in January, king Abdullah accused Iran of meddling in a number of Arab countries’ affairs including Syria, Iraq, Yemen, and Lebanon.

In response, Iran’s Foreign Ministry Spokesman Bahram Qassemi slammed the Jordanian king’s allegations against Tehran and its regional role, saying such a stance runs counter to the realities on the ground and to the people’s call for peace and security.








Demonstrations come days before culmination of Palestinian protests timed to coincide with move of US embassy to Jerusalem

Afrasianet - Thousands of people rallied in Turkey and Jordan on Friday to protest against the decision to move the US embassy from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem and to mark the 70th anniversary of what Palestinians call their “nakba,” or catastrophe of Israel’s founding.

In Jordan, the rally organized by the Muslim Brotherhood took place before a large stage with a view of the Dead Sea and the West Bank. Jordanian, Palestinian, and green Muslim Brotherhood flags flew over the crowd of some 7,000.

One man walked onto the stage with an effigy of US President Donald Trump dangling from a noose.

Get The Times of Israel's Daily Edition by email and never miss our top stories Free Sign Up

In Istanbul, several thousand people marched with Palestinian and Turkish flags. Many carried signs reading “Palestinian belongs to the Palestinians” and “Al-Quds belongs to Muslims.”

The protest comes ahead of the anniversary next week that will be marked by mass demonstrations along the Gaza border, the culmination of a month of protest that has also focused on anger at the US decision to recognize Jerusalem as Israel’s capital and move their embassy to the city.

The embassy ceremony will take place on May 14, the anniversary of Israel’s founding according to the civil calendar. Israel marked its Independence Day last month, according to the Hebrew calendar.

Trump’s decision caused outrage in the Arab and Muslim world and sparked the weekly protests along the Israel-Gaza border.

On Friday, around 15,000 Palestinians took part in protests along the border with Israel, in the last weekly “March of Return” before next week’s Nakba Day events on May 14 and 15, when demonstrations are expected to reach their peak.

It was the seventh weekly protest, and a preview of what is expected to be a much larger border rally on Monday and Tuesday. The Hamas-encouraged demonstrations are ostensibly aimed to protest the decade-long Israeli-Egyptian blockade, imposed after the terror group seized power in Gaza in 2007, and to assert Palestinian demands for millions to “return” to lost properties in what is now Israel.

Israel says, however, that the terror group uses the protests as a cover for attacks at the border and attempts to breach it.

An Islamist terror group which seeks to destroy Israel, Hamas violently took control of Gaza from Mahmoud Abbas’s Fatah in 2007, two years after Israel withdrew its military and civilian presence from the Strip. Israel and Egypt maintain a security blockade of Gaza. Israel says this is vital to prevent Hamas — which has fought three rounds of conflict against Israel since seizing Gaza, firing thousands of rockets into Israel and digging dozens of attack tunnels under the border — from importing weaponry.

Earlier this week, Hamas’s leader in Gaza Yahya Sinwar said he hoped that hundreds of thousands of Palestinians would breach the border fence from Gaza into Israel during next week’s protests.

Sinwar said the mass protest would be “decisive,” and vowed that he and other top officials were “ready to die” in a campaign to end the blockade.

In recent Fridays, Palestinian protesters have burned tires along the fence, hurled stones at Israeli troops and flown incendiary kites over dry fields on the Israeli side of the border. Some of the protesters, mainly youths, brandished wire cutters, a popular tool in weekly attempts to cut through the border fence.

According to the Hamas health ministry, around 50 Palestinians have been killed since protests and clashes began along the Gaza border on March 30 and hundreds of others have been wounded from gunfire. Israel says it only opens fire when necessary to stop infiltrations, damage to the fence, and attacks.

Hamas acknowledged that five of its terrorists were among the fatalities after the first Friday demonstration, but has since refrained for acknowledging whether its men are among the dead. Israel has identified other fatalities as members of terrorist groups.

Israel says it only opens fire when necessary to stop infiltrations, damage to the fence and attacks.

Though they were initially planned as non-violent demonstrations, the protests were co-opted by the Hamas terror group, which rules Gaza and whose leaders have said their goal is to erase the border and “liberate Palestine.”

The Israeli military has faced international and domestic criticism over its use of live fire, with the United Nations and European Union calling for an independent investigation rejected by Israel.

Israel says Hamas uses the marches as cover for terrorist attacks.

Israel has repeatedly expressed concern over the possibility of a mass breach of the Gaza fence, in which Palestinians would stream across with terrorists among them, wreaking havoc. Sinwar has vowed in the past that protesters would “breach the borders and pray at Al-Aqsa,” referring to the major Muslim shrine in Jerusalem.

Sinwar was freed in a prisoner swap with Israel in 2011 and was elected as the movement’s Gaza chief in 2017.

Hamas has said if the protests “don’t achieve their goals,” they will continue.

At previous peace talks, the Palestinians have always demanded, along with sovereignty in the West Bank, Gaza, East Jerusalem and the Old City, a “right of return” to Israel for Palestinian refugees who left or were forced out of Israel when it was established. The Palestinians demand this right not only for those of the hundreds of thousands of refugees who are still alive — a figure estimated in the low tens of thousands — but also for their descendants, who number in the millions.

No Israeli government would ever be likely to accept this demand, since it would spell the end of Israel as a Jewish-majority state. Israel’s position has generally been that Palestinian refugees and their descendants would become citizens of a Palestinian state at the culmination of the peace process, just as Jews who fled or were forced out of Middle Eastern countries by hostile governments became citizens of Israel.

12 May 2018









Amman - Afrasianet - The controversies sparked by US president Donald Trump to recognise Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and the ensuing reactions by Palestinian leaders in Ramallah and Gaza was the theme of a talk “The Trump Administration and Jerusalem”, conducted last Saturday by Rashid Khalidi at the Columbia Global Centres in Amman.

Khalidi, who taught at the Lebanese University, the American University in Beirut and the University of Chicago is currently a professor of Modern Arab Studies at Columbia University in New York.

“We should no longer be surprised or shocked by anything done by Donald Trump,” the scholar began, noting that Trump carried out the "most sweeping change" in the US policy on Palestine since 1947.

We are actually witnessing "a revolution" in the US policy towards Palestine, Khalidi stated.

Following a brief outline of Trump’s foreign policy, including that of the Middle East, the scholar said: "If you pay any attention to what has been happening in the United States, you’ll have noticed that there’s been no coherence in the policies of this administration towards any foreign policy issue, whether it has to do with Russia, China, Korea, trade, or the Middle East.”

It is because this administration has been characterised by, a deep division between the hard-line, erratic and very unconventional inclinations of the president and his closest advisers on the one hand, and the deeply conservative orientations of the major governmental branches and the individuals leading this bureaucracy on the other hand, Khalidi outlined.

"Looking carefully at the second group, you’ll find people who emerged from military and intelligence services, including Secretary of Defence General James Mattis, Secretary of State Rex Tillerson [now gone], White House Chief of Staff General John Kelly and former national security adviser H.R. McMaster. Three of the four are retired military officers, two of them are former Marines,” Khalidi underlined.

After firing Tillerson and McMaster, and with Kelly also on the exit door, Trump is replacing them with hardliners, the professor said.

Those establishment figures are opposed to by a group of ideologues, most of them foreign policy neophytes, neoconservatives dedicated to stalking the ultra-nationalistic inclinations of people who voted for Trump in November 2016, he claimed.

According to the scholar, Pompeo, Bolton and Haley belong to a group of radical ideologues and ardent Zionists.

"The US have been a status quo power preserving traditional alliances, as every president since WWII has attempted to maintain the US alliances and avoid adventurousness and excessive involvement in further armed conflicts," Khalidi said.

The gap between these two groups is most visible regarding the US/Middle East policy since Trump became president, he emphasised, adding that Trump personally intervened on the Palestinian issue against the advice of prominent bureaucracy members. "He did it to a much greater extent than any other president since Harry Truman," the scholar stressed.

"Everything related to Israel is not related to the foreign policy, it's essentially a matter of domestic policy," he highlighted, saying that Truman's decision to support partition and recognise Israel was met with opposition from all his advisers.

People whom Trump appointed to lead negotiations on the final status of East Jerusalem and Palestine — David Freidman and Jason Greenblatt — are not experienced diplomats, but "they are committed far-right Zionists who are long-term financial supporters of Israeli settler projects", according to Khalidi.

Moreover, the decision to move the US embassy to Jerusalem was ideologically motivated, driven by domestic considerations and largely by ideology rather than a foreign policy decision, he claimed.

"How should Palestinians respond to this seismic shift in the position of the US?," Khalidi asked.

As the weaker side, Palestinians cannot afford to be divided and must present a unified front, he stressed, saying: "There should be a redefinition of what Palestinian people want. There are new realities on the ground, new challenges, new threats and a new regional environment in 2018."

Furthermore, one necessary change of the Palestinian political discourse is to acknowledge that diplomatic strategy followed by PLO has been” fatally flowed”; the second is that the US cannot be a mediator and honest broker as it cannot be a neutral party, Khalidi underscored.

"United States will continue with this subversive approach unless and until the Palestinian national movement undertakes both mass, unarmed resistance and dedicated grassroots political and informational work outside of Palestine, especially inside the United States," Khalidi stressed.  

Major shifts are already taken place in key sectors of the US public opinion regarding Palestinian question among the younger generation, among blacks and Puerto Ricans, among other minorities, among Arab Americans and Muslim Americans, and also, very importantly, within the considerable segments of Jewish American community, professor concluded.

May 08, 2018










  • Jordan Consider the Ways to Help Syria with Economic Development

  • Syrian armed factions ink ceasefire agreement in Cairo

  • Palestinian toddler, mother killed in Israeli strikes in Gaza

  • On World Day against Trafficking in Persons

  • Mat and the International Alliance organize a seminar on human rights in the occupied Palestinian...

  • Israeli forces kill two Palestinians in Gaza border protests - medics

  • Algerian president sacks influential police chief

  • Istanbul hosts historic meeting between Rouhani, King Abdullah ‎ ‎

  • Thousands rally in Turkey and Jordan to protest US embassy move

  • Trump created a revolution in US policy towards Palestine — scholar

Afrasianet - Gunmen fatally shot the mayor of Libya’s third-largest city, Misrata, late on Sunday, ambushing his car inside the city, security officials said.

The North African oil producer has been in chaos since the 2011 uprising that unseated Muammar Gaddafi, but Misrata, Libya’s biggest port, had been relative peaceful until now.

Gunmen chased the car of Mayor Mohamed Eshtewi after he left Misrata airport following his arrival on a plane from Turkey, a security official said, adding it was unclear who was behind it.

In October, a bomb exploded at the city’s court, killing about four people and wounding 40 others in an attack claimed by ISIS.

Misrata, almost 200 km east of Tripoli, is the gateway for food and other imports into Libya and the country’s only tax-free zone. It is one of the few places still frequented by foreign business people fearing poor security elsewhere.









Afrasianet - A rocket was launched from the northern Gaza Strip early Sunday morning, according to the Israeli Defense Force (IDF).

The rocket “exploded mid-air,” according to the IDF announcement posted on Twitter.

No one was injured in the alleged attack, the Israeli military said, without immediately providing any further details.

The alleged projectile was reportedly headed to the Ahskelon coastal region in southern Israel, the Times of Israel reported.

No rocket alert signal was activated as the explosion happened “relatively early” in its flight, Israeli media reported citing officials.

The incident comes amid escalating tensions in the region, with Israel beefing up its military presence in the West Bank.

At least three Israelis were killed and one other injured in a stabbing attack by a 20-year-old Palestinian in the West Bank settlement of Halamish Friday night.

Israel upped its security alert level and dispatched thousands of additional troops to the area following the deadly knife assault, local media reported citing an IDF official.

Late Friday, the president of the Palestinian Authority (PA), Mahmoud Abbas, announced that the PA was freezing all contacts with Israel over the Jerusalem holy site dispute and the violence over the past days.

Clashes have been raging for several days following Tel Aviv’s decision to install metal detectors at the Temple Mount (referred to by Muslims as the Haram al-Sharif ) in the Old City in Jerusalem. The site is sacred to both Jews and Muslims, with Abbas having called for the removal of unilaterally installed barriers for people to be able to “pray with dignity.”










Afrasianet - The convoy of the Minister of Education of the National Unity Government, Osman Abdel Jalil, was subjected to heavy gunfire at "Gate 17" at the southern entrance to the city of Sabha on Monday while he was on his way to the city of Marzak.

The Ministry of Education said in a statement posted on its official Facebook page that "the group forced the minister's convoy to stop using arms and assaulted the minister and his companions with his hands, but the security team managed to remove the minister and the undersecretary from the danger zone, while the gunmen detained the rest of the team and forced them With the force of arms to stay in the place of detention for approximately one hour ".

The ministry, which did not specify the identity of the gunmen and did not publish pictures of the site of the attack, said that "the group was detained after the intervention of tribes Altabu who responded firmly to the militants and were able to secure the convoy of the minister and accompany him the rest of the trip."

The city of Sabha and the adjacent areas of southern Libya are characterized by a security breach resulting in repeated incidents of theft, assault and murder. They are controlled by armed groups, most of which are active in smuggling, especially smuggling of illegal immigrants and fuel.











Afrasianet - Riyadh - Saudi Arabia and its allies from the Gulf Arab states said on Monday that the deadline for the Qatari government to respond to its 13 demands, which ended Sunday night, was extended 48 hours at the request of Kuwait's emir, who is mediating the crisis.

Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Bahrain and Egypt said in a joint statement issued by the Saudi Press Agency (SPA) that "in response to a request by Kuwait's Emir Sheikh Sabah Al-Ahmad Al-Jaber Al-Sabah to extend the special deadline for the government of Qatar for 48 hours since the end of the 10-day deadline, The four states' response will be sent after examining the Qatari government's response and evaluating its response to the full list of demands. "

The four countries said in a statement that they agreed to extend the deadline "because of the Qatari government's assertion that it will send its official response to the list of claims addressed to it on Monday."

The extension came after Qatar implicitly rejected the demands of its neighbors to restore ties with it just hours before the 10-day deadline set for it to respond to its 13 demands.

Earlier this morning, the Emir of Kuwait will receive Qatar's Foreign Minister Sheikh Mohammed bin Abdul Rahman Al-Thani, who will deliver a written message from Emir of Qatar Sheikh Tamim bin Hamad Al-Thani.

The letter contains the response earlier prepared by Qatar on the list of collective claims submitted by Kuwait late last month.










Afrasianet - Eight people were wounded Monday morning in a shooting outside the Mercy Mosque in the southern French city of Avignon.

Two masked men, carrying a pistol and a gun, approached the mosque in a car before opening fire on worshipers as they left the building at about 10:30 am local time (2130 GMT).

According to the local media, four people were injured outside the mosque, in addition to four people from a family, including a seven-year-old girl, with shrapnel inside their house, about 50 meters from the site of the attack.

Two of the wounded were taken to the hospital, and the Public Prosecutor's Office suggested that the incident was the result of a dispute between the youths and not a terrorist act.

France is in a state of security alert after an attack on police in April and other bloody attacks in the months before.










Every man can do what another man does !


Every Week




Site Developers: SoftPages Technology



English  |  عربي
, all rights reserved. 2016